Bundling CSS in a custom HTML plug-in

You can create a DITA-OT plug-in that provides a custom stylesheet with the typography and colors that define your corporate identity. Coworkers can install this plug-in to ensure consistent HTML output across projects without having to copy the stylesheet to each project.

About this task

This scenario walks through the process of creating a very simple plug-in (com.example.html5-custom-css) that creates a new transformation type: html5-custom-css.

The html5-custom-css transformation includes a custom CSS file and sets four parameters to integrate the custom stylesheet in the generated HTML5 output. These parameter settings make the following changes:

  • Specify the css subfolder of the plug-in as the source directory for custom CSS with args.cssroot.

  • Specify the name of the custom CSS file with args.css.

    The value of this parameter tells DITA-OT to use the custom.css file provided by the plug-in.

  • Ensure that the CSS file is copied to the output directory by setting args.copycss to yes.

  • Set the destination path for CSS files in the output folder with args.csspath.

    CSS files are copied to the root level of the output folder by default. Setting this parameter places CSS files in a dedicated css subfolder.

All four parameters are set in the Ant script (build_html5-custom-css.xml).


  1. In the plugins directory, create a directory named com.example.html5-custom-css.
  2. In the new com.example.html5-custom-css directory, create a plug-in configuration file (plugin.xml) that declares the new html5-custom-css transformation and its dependencies.
    Figure 1. Sample plugin.xml file
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <?xml-model href="https://www.dita-ot.org/rng/plugin.rnc" type="application/relax-ng-compact-syntax"?>
    <plugin id="com.example.html5-custom-css">
      <require plugin="org.dita.html5"/>
      <transtype name="html5-custom-css" extends="html5" desc="HTML5 with custom CSS"/>
      <feature extension="ant.import" file="build_html5-custom-css.xml"/>
    This plug-in will extend the default HTML5 transformation, so the <require> element explicitly defines org.dita.html5 as a dependency.
  3. In the com.example.html5-custom-css directory, create a subdirectory named css.
  4. In the new css subdirectory, create a file named custom.css with your custom CSS rules.
    Figure 2. Sample custom.css file
    /* These custom styles extend or override DITA Open Toolkit default styles. */
    body {
      color: #F00;
    When you first create the plug-in, you may want to include a rule in your custom stylesheet that makes it readily apparent when the custom styles are applied (the example above will change body text to “red”). Once you have verified that the plug-in works as intended, replace the placeholder rule with your own custom styles.
  5. In the com.example.html5-custom-css root directory, add an Ant script (build_html5-custom-css.xml) to define the transformation type.
    Figure 3. Sample build file: build_html5-custom-css.xml
    <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
      <target name="dita2html5-custom-css"
      <target name="dita2html5-custom-css.init">
        <property name="args.cssroot"
        <property name="args.css" value="custom.css"/>
        <property name="args.copycss" value="yes"/>
        <property name="args.csspath" value="css"/>


The files for this sample plug-in are included in the DITA-OT installation directory under docsrc/samples/plugins/com.example.html5-custom-css/ and on GitHub.

The plug-in directory has the following layout and files:

├── build_html5-custom-css.xml
├── css
│   └── custom.css
└── plugin.xml

What to do next

  1. Use the dita install subcommand to install the plug-in.

    For more information, see Installing plug-ins.
  2. Build output with the new transformation type to verify that the plug-in works as intended.
    dita --input=my.ditamap --format=html5-custom-css
  3. Refine the styles in your custom.css file as necessary.